History of Delhi
Ancient history and settlement.
History of the city
Delhi has a glorious past yet a tumultuous one. It also has one of the largest Hindus Temple in the world – Akshardham.
With big names like – Khiljis, Tughlaq and Mughals ruling the city in the past and with female like – Razia Sultana, Delhi has a confluence of cultures and traditions.In 1192, it was a Rajput township and Sultanate of the Mughal Empire was introduced in 1200. In 1393, the same ended abruptly. Then Lodhis ruled the city as the last sultans.
The glorious past with MughalsWhen the walls of old Delhi were built by Shah Jahan, the city became the new capital of the Mughal Empire. The place is known for its Red Fort, Jama Masjid and the glorious treasures like Peacock Throne. Then the city changed rulers of Muslim and Hindu origin.
The British empire and its legacyIn early 1800, the British empire took the reins of the city and its overall administration. The famous architect – Edwin Lutyens took his magic wand and made the city an even more impressive place. The Rashtrapati Bhavan, Raisina Hills and Lutyens Zone – all are the part of his legacy. Then, in 1911 the Calcutta was decided to be the new capital of the state. Later, the country gained its independence in 1947 and the city regained its original status of being the capital city.
Geography of Delhi
Legends have that the city- Delhi was ruled by Raja Dhilu in 1st century BCE. As a result, numerous names of Delhi are corruptions of his name.
Known originally as Indraprastha – the place is the land of the famous Pandava Brothers from Mahabharata.
Major geographic divides –
This place has three major geographic regions –
- The Yamuna Flood plans
- The Ridge
- Gangetic Plains
Location of Delhi
Geographically, the city – Delhi is located near the Yamuna river. This is 100 miles away from the great Himalayas.
Delhi is located at 28.38-degree North and 77.14-degree East.
With an average altitude of 293 meters and above the sea level, this is one of the most dominant features of the region. It originates from the great Aravalli Hills and encircles other portions of the great city. The plains however cover a large part of the city.